The Basques are an ancient culture of people who live in the western Pyrenees Mountains in modern day Spain and France.
Major Scales Half-steps and Whole-steps Half-steps and whole-steps are the basic building blocks of our musical system. On a guitar, a half-step is equal to one fret and whole-step is two frets. We will be combining these two types of steps to make everything that we play scales, intervals and chords.
On a piano there are two locations that white keys are not separated by black keys. All of the other white keys have a black key between them.
This makes, for example, c and d, two half-steps apart. First, we must memorize the location of these half-steps. Half-steps occur naturally between e-f and b -c.
Chromatic Scale The chromatic scale is the simplest of all scales. It is made up completely of half-steps. These notes can be notated with either sharps or flats. See Figure 1-B for examples. For now I recommend that you be consistent and use either all sharps or all flats. It is important to understand this scale because it will be useful to us soon.
Exercise Write out chromatic scales beginning on the following notes Major Scale The Major Scale is very important for us to understand because we will use it as the basic element in understanding all scales, intervals and chords. All scales have one element in common, a tonic or root note.
Thus, the tonic is the strongest note to which all other notes in the scale play a subordinate role. To make it simple, this note is where the scale gets its name. The tonic in D Major is d, F Minor f, and so on. The construction of a major scale pattern is simple. The one requirement is that we must strictly follow the pattern of half-steps and whole-steps.
If we change any of the locations of half-steps, the scale is no longer major. The construction of a major scale is illustrated in Fig. The simplest way to memorize this pattern is to think of all the steps as whole steps except those between and These two locations contain half-steps.
How does this work? We must use accidentals, meaning sharps and flats b. A sharp raises the note a half-step while a flat lowers a note by a half-step. It is possible to sharp or flat a note twice. We call these accidentals double-sharps x and double-flats bb.
Sometimes we also use a natural! We use accidentals to alter the notes such that we follow the pattern in Fig 1-C. Figure 1-D is two examples of a scale using sharps and a scale using flats. In creating these scales, we begin by simply writing the note names down in order, beginning with the tonic note.
The half-steps are still located in their original positions between e-f and b-c. We then begin with the tonic note and start checking each of the intervals, one by one as we move to the right. In creating the A Major Scale, examine the first step a-b.
The interval is supposed to be a whole-step, so we leave it alone. We then check the notes b and c.List of All Major Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Minors.
Here's a list of all major scales in order of fifths. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative initiativeblog.com this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another.
To write a major scale, write the major key signature followed by 8 successive pitches, beginning and ending with the name of the key. (The C major scale begins and ends with C.).
The simplest major scale to write is C major, the only major scale not requiring sharps or flats: The major scale had a central importance in Western music, particularly in the common practice period and in popular music.
In Carnatic music, it is known as Dheerasankarabharanam. The major scale consists of seven different pitches. There are half steps between the third and fourth and seventh and eighth scale degrees; whole steps exist between all other steps. Below is a .
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