Some of the most famous protest literature in the world has its roots in American history. Calhoun, and Martin Luther King. Through eloquent, sometimes subtle means, these authors became the spokesmen for their particular protest movements.
It may be divided into two broad categories: Hugo had attained such prominence over his lengthy literary career that the novel was released in nine languages upon its initial publication.
Just as the Realists in France rebelled against writers such as Hugo, the writers of Young Germany also defined themselves by reacting against established literary figures. The German form of Realism is exemplified by the influential social novels of Theodor Fontane, many of which portray the withering aristocracy and rising proletariat.
Hoffman in his Lebensansichten des Katers Murra novel that contrasts artistic creativity to the stifling social norms of the bourgeoisie and nobility.
Hoffman viewed such norms as stultifying, producing an inevitable inhibition of originality and independence. In Russia, where the repressive tsarist state tolerated little or no open dissent, a tradition of progressive liberalism nevertheless survived.
In the nineteenth century a new, highly radicalized group, the raznochintsy, emerged. Among the older generation of liberals Fyodor Dostoevsky and Ivan Turgenev produced novels of social protest.
While Dostoevsky, in his depiction of the character Raskolnikov, showed radicalism to be misguided as well as dangerous, Turgenev presented a much more sympathetic portrait of a radical in his central figure Bazarov. In what is sometimes viewed as a direct response to Fathers and Sons, the radical journalist and member of the raznochintsy, Nikolay Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky wrote What Is to Be Done?
This novel portrays a nihilist, Kirsanov, in heroic terms and posits an idyllic society that will emerge after the destruction of the present one. While European protest writers often focused on philosophical questions of individuality and the dynamics of social structures, American reformist literature commonly emphasized political issues.
Mark Twain is considered one of the key American promulgators of literary social protest, largely due to his novel Huckleberry Finn In it he achieves a skillful blend of protest and literary craftsmanship by highlighting the flaws and hypocrisies of American society.
Edward Bellamy used a different technique to advocate social change in Looking Backwarda utopian novel metaphorically portraying a socialistic form of government. While scorning the competitive social and economic system developing in America, the novel depicts a society in which citizens are equal on all levels.
In his works, George Washington Cable encouraged equality through civil rights, a view most powerfully stated in his novel The Grandissimesin which he portrays a South still suffering from the legacy of slavery.
At the opposite end of the spectrum, Edgar Allan Poe argued that social reform was not the answer to the problems facing society.
Perhaps one of the most vehement literary opponents of feminism, the anti-slavery movement, and democracy, Poe maintained that social reform would destroy the individual in a futile hope to aid the masses.
Your reformist demigods are merely devils turned inside out. Arguing that only Boston—a center of higher education—was well-civilized and respectable, Dickens inferred that education was the key to an effective, orderly society.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Protest literature of this nature became most prominent in the midth century, after the Japanese forfeit of World War II and ranged from the Vietnam and Cold War through hippy and civil rights movements and still continues today. Free coursework on Literature Of Protest from initiativeblog.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing. The American Protest Essay and National Belonging uncovers a rich tradition of essays by writers who also serve as spokespersons for American social movements throughout the nation’s history. Brian Norman demonstrates that the American protest essay is a distinct form that draws from both the European-born personal essay and American.
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Disclaimer: Allen Ginsberg’s poem “A Supermarket in California” is a protest poem aimed towards postwar American society and focuses most on the consumerist aspects of society and the lack of connection between the modern world. Free coursework on Literature Of Protest from initiativeblog.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing.
Protest literature of this nature became most prominent in the midth century, after the Japanese forfeit of World War II and ranged from the Vietnam and Cold War through hippy and civil rights movements and still continues today.
Protest literature of this nature became most prominent in the midth century, after the Japanese forfeit of World War II and ranged from the Vietnam and Cold War through hippy and civil rights movements and still continues today. According to Stauffer, "there is no common understanding of protest literature; the term has been used to mean almost all literature or no literature".
Therefore, every genre can be described as "protest literature" because literature is a way and art of showing emotions, values and concerns.