Ib207 case2

Under existing law, a judgment that a person convicted of an infraction be punished by a fine may also provide for the payment to be made within a specified time or in specified installments.

Ib207 case2

The present invention relates to 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula-I where the variables have the following meanings: The invention furthermore relates to processes and intermediates for the preparation of compounds of the formula I, to compositions comprising them, and to the use of these derivatives or compositions comprising them for the control of harmful plants.

However, the herbicidal properties of the compounds which have been known to date and their compatibility properties regarding crop plants are only moderately satisfactory.

It is an object of the present invention to provide novel, in particular herbicidally active, compounds which have improved properties. We have found that this object is achieved by the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I and by their herbicidal activity.

We have furthermore found herbicidal compositions which comprise the compounds I and which have a very good herbicidal activity.

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Moreover, we have found processes for the preparation of these compositions and methods of controlling undesirable vegetation using the compounds I. Depending on the substitution pattern, the compounds of the formula I can contain one or more chiral centers, in which case they exist as enantiomer or diastereomer mixtures.

The present invention relates to the pure enantiomers or diastereomers and to the mixtures thereof. The compounds of the formula I may also exist in the form of their agriculturally useful salts, the type of salt generally being of no importance. In general, suitable salts are the salts of those cations or the acid addition salts of those acids whose cations, or anions, respectively, do not adversely affect the herbicidal activity of the compounds I.

Ib207 case2

Suitable cations are, in particular, ions of the alkali metals, preferably lithium, sodium and potassium, of the alkaline earth metals, preferably calcium and magnesium, and of the transition metals, preferably manganese, copper, zinc and iron, and also ammonium, it being possible in this case, if desired, for one to four hydrogen atoms to be replaced by C1—C4-alkyl, hydroxy-C1—C4- alkyl, C1—C4-alkoxy-C1—C4-alkyl, hydroxy-C1—C4-alkoxy-C1—C4-alkyl, phenyl or benzyl, preferably ammonium, dimethylammonium, diisopropylammonium, tetramethylammonium, tetrabutylammonium, 2- 2-hydroxyethoxy ethylammonium, di 2-hydroxyethyl ammonium, trimethylbenzylammonium, in addition phosphonium ions, sulfonium ions, preferably tri C1—C4-alkyl sulfonium and sulfoxonium ions, preferably tri C1—C4-alkyl sulfoxonium.

Anions of useful acid addition salts are mainly chloride, bromide, fluoride, hydrogen sulfate, sulfate, dihydrogen phosphate, hydrogen phosphate, nitrate, hydrogen carbonate, carbonate, hexafluorosilicate, hexafluorophosphate, benzoate, and the anions of C1—C4-alkanoic acids, preferably formate, acetate, propionate and butyrate.

The organic moieties mentioned for the substituents R1-R18 or as radicals on phenyl rings are collective terms for individual enumerations of the individual group members.

Ib207 case2

All hydrocarbon chains, ie. The meaning of halogen is in each case fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

December 6, 2013

Other examples of meanings are: C1—C4-alkyl as mentioned above and, for example, pentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1,1,2-trimethylpropyl, 1-ethylmethylpropyl and 1-ethylmethylpropyl; C1—C4-haloalkyl: C1—C4-haloalkyl as mentioned above and, for example, 5-fluoropentyl, 5-chloropentyl, 5-bromopentyl, 5-iodopentyl, undecafluoropentyl, 6-fluorohexyl, 6-chlorohexyl, 6-bromohexyl, 6-iodohexyl and dodecafluorohexyl; C1—C4-cyanoalkyl: C1—C4-alkoxy as mentioned above and, for example, pentoxy, 1-methylbutoxy, 2-methylbutoxy, 3-methoxylbutoxy, 1,1-dimethylpropoxy, 1,2-dimethylpropoxy, 2,2-dimethylpropoxy, 1-ethylpropoxy, hexoxy, 1-methylpentoxy, 2-methylpentoxy, 3-methylpentoxy, 4-methylpentoxy, 1,1-dimethylbutoxy, 1,2-dimethylbutoxy, 1,3-dimethylbutoxy, 2,2-dimethylbutoxy, 2,3-dimethylbutoxy, 3,3-dimethylbutoxy, 1-ethylbutoxy, 2-ethylbutoxy, 1,1,2-trimethylpropoxy, 1,2,2-trimethylpropoxy, 1-ethylmethylpropoxy and 1-ethylmethylpropoxy; C1—C4-haloalkoxy: C1—C4-haloalkoxy as mentioend above and, for example, 5-fluoropentoxy, 5-chloropentoxy, 5-bromopentoxy, 5-iodopentoxy, undecafluoropentoxy, 6-fluorohexoxy, 6-chlorohexoxy, 6-bromohexoxy, 6-iodohexoxy and dodecafluorohexoxy; C1—C6-alkyliminooxy and the C1—C6-akyliminooxy moieties of C1—C6-alkyliminooxy-C1—C4-alkyl: C1—C4-alkylthio as mentioned above and, for example, pentylthio, 1-methylbutylthio, 2-methylbutylthio, 3-methylbutylthio, 2,2-dimethylpropylthio, 1-ethylpropylthio, hexylthio, 1,1-dimethylpropylthio, 1,2-dimethylpropylthio, 1-methylpentylthio, 2-methylpentylthio, 3-methylpentylthio, 4-methylpentylthio, 1,1-dimethylbutylthio, 1,2-dimethylbutylthio, 1,3-dimethylbutylthio, 2,2-dimethylbutylthio, 2,3-dimethylbutylthio, 3,3-dimethylbutylthio, 1-ethylbutylthio, 2-ethylbutylthio, 1,1,2-trimethylpropylthio, 1,2,2-trimethylpropylthio, 1-ethylmethylpropylthio and 1-ethylmethylpropylthio; C1—C4-haloalkylthio: C1—C4-alkyl which is substituted by C1—C4-alkylthio as mentioned above, for example methylthiomethyl, ethylthiomethyl, propylthiomethyl, 1-methylethylthio methyl, butylthiomethyl, 1-methylpropylthio methyl, 2-methylpropylthio methyl, 1,1-dimethylethylthio methyl, 2-methylthioethyl, 2-ethylthioethyl, 2- propylthio ethyl, 2- 1-methylethylthio ethyl, 2- butylthio ethyl, 2- 1-methylpropylthio ethyl, 2- 2-methylpropylthio ethyl, 2- 1,1-dimethylethylthio ethyl, 2- methylthio propyl, 3- methylthio propyl, 2- ethylthio propyl, 3- ethylthio propyl, 3- propylthio propyl, 3- butylthio propyl, 4- methylthio butyl, 4- ethylthio butyl, 4- propylthio butyl and 4- butylthio butyl; C1—C4-alkoxycarbonyl-C1—C4-alkyl: Preference is given to the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I where the variables have the following meanings: With a view to the use of the compounds of the formula I according to the invention as herbicides, the variables preferably have the following meanings, in each case alone or in combination: The following embodiments of the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I must be emphasized: In a preferred embodiment of the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I, Z is SO2R Especially preferred are the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I, where R18 is hydrogen.

Also especially preferred are 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I, where R18 is methyl. Particularly preferred are 3-heterocylyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I, where R17 is C1—C4-alkyl.

In a further preferred embodiment of the 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I, Z is hydrogen. Especially preferred are 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I where X is oxygen and Y is CR13R Especially extraordinarily preferred are 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I where R18 is hydrogen.

Also particularly preferred are 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I where R4 and R5 are hydrogen. Extraordinarily preferred are 3-heterocyclyl-substituted benzoyl derivatives of the formula I where R18 is hydrogen.Warwick Business School IB - Mathematical Stage n: Dynamic Programming Recursion 1 i k S\ {k} Carry on until cost[{2,3,4},1} is computed This preview has .

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