Ap geography religious terms

According to the same tradition, the last ruler the Cheraman Perumal of a unified Kerala abdicated his throne, divided his kingdom, converted to Islam and travelled to visit Prophet Muhammed and the subsequent chain of events helped the spread of Islam in Kerala.

Ap geography religious terms

According to the same tradition, the last ruler the Cheraman Perumal of a unified Kerala abdicated his throne, divided his kingdom, converted to Islam and travelled to visit Prophet Muhammed and the subsequent chain of events helped the spread of Islam in Kerala.

This activities, in the long run, resulted in the Muslims losing control of the spice trade they had dominated for more than five hundred years. Historians note that in the post-Portuguese period, the number of Muslims in Malabar District increased rapidly.

The conversions were chiefly among the "outcaste" Hindu s of southern interior Malabar as once-rich Muslim traders turned inland in search of alternative occupations to commerce.

The series of violence eventually exploded as the infamous Mappila Uprising — The Mappila numbers in state and central government posts remained staggeringly low. This widespread participation in the Gulf Rush produced huge economic and social benefits for the community.

Great influx funds from the earnings of Mappilas employed followed. Issues such as widespread poverty, unemployment and educational backwardness began to change. Mappila women are now not reluctant to join professional vocations and assuming leadership roles.

Both the Sunnis and Mudjahids again have been divided to a no. The largest community among the Muslims of Kerala. Mostly converts from the Mukkuvan caste.

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A low status group among the Muslims of Kerala. The other Mappilas used call them "Kadappurattukar", while themselves were known as "Angadikkar". The Kadappurattukar were divided into two endogamous groups on the basis of their occupation, "Valakkar" and "Bepukar".

The Bepukar were considered superior to Valakkar. Ossan occupied the lowest position in the hierarchy. Formed the lowest rank in the hierarchy, and were an indispensable part of the village community of Muslims of Kerala.

Highest state in social order among Muslims of Kerala. Claiming descent from the family of the Prophet Muhammed. People who had migrated from Middle East. Elders of a no. Once distributed in the towns of northern Kerala as a mercantile community.

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In Thanjavur, the Labbais are called "Kodikkalkaran". It seems that they migrated through Shenkottai to South Kerala. The origin of the name Naha is supposed to be a transformation of "nakhuda" which means captain of ship.

Community concentrated mainly in Parappanangadi, south of Kozhikode. The most famous of the Marakkar were "Kunjali Marakkars", or the naval captains of the chief of Kozhikode.

Ap geography religious terms

The Muslims of pure Middle Eastern descent held themselves superior to Marakkars and Marakkars considered themselves superior to Labbais. Muslim community, in the city of Kozhikode. May be of Omani origin. Held administrative positions in the Kozhikode court.

The family was first settled in Mavvancheri in North Malabar and moved to Manjeri in the beginning of the 16th century. Many of the members of the family served as instructor in the use of fire-arms in the employ of various chiefs of Malabar. Settled only in Cochin. It is believed that the Nainars first settled in Kerala in the 15th century, entering into contract for certain works with the chiefs of Cochin.

Migrated as cavalry men under various chiefs, especially in South Travancore. Some of them came South India along with the invasion of the Coromandel by the Khaljis.

Many of the Dakhnis had also come as traders and businessmen.22 key terms in the APHG study of religion, culled from Rubenstein and Fouberg textbooks. Includes examples. With both fires nearly fully-contained, the worst is finally over. The Zamorins of Calicut (Kozhikode), the Hindu rulers of central Kerala, favoured Muslim navigators in the Arabian Sea.

The monopoly of overseas trade in Kerala, was safe with the West Asian shipping magnates in Calicut. The Muslims were a major financial power to be reckoned with in the kingdom and had great political influence in the Calicut court.

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Ap geography religious terms

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